CBD stands for cannabidiol. It is one of the more than 400 chemical entities found in cannabis plants. That means it can be found in both marijuana and industrial hemp. CBD is a close chemical compound to tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC. In fact, THC and CBD have the exact same chemical makeup with the only difference being the arrangement of a single atom. Unlike THC, CBD does not have psychoactive properties, meaning it cannot get you high, no matter how much you take.
How does CBD affect you?
The human brain is composed of billions of individual cells called neurons. These neurons communicate with one another through structures called synapses. Synapses are made up of a transmitter and a receptor – When a synapse is off, or inactive, no communication occurs between the transmitter side and the receptor side much like your light switch at home.
When a synapse is on, or active, the transmitter (sending) side releases molecules that travel across the synaptic space to be absorbed by the receptor (receiving). These actions cause an effect somewhere else in your body or brain. CBD interacts with your brain in a similar way…
When introduced into your bloodstream, CBD molecules activate specific groups of receptors:
- CB1 and CB2
These receptors influence such body functions as appetite, pain sensation, mood, memory, and anxiety and have a great deal to do with the effects that CBD offers. Serotonin for instance has long been associated with feelings of well-being and happiness.